More than one-third of Britain’s hospitality industry could collapse over winter as England’s second lockdown combined with the Welsh "circuit-breaker" and restrictions in Scotland and Northern Ireland combine to deal a fatal blow to businesses.
A total of 34pc of accommodation and food services businesses told the Office for National Statistics they have low or no confidence they will survive the next three months due to missing out on the crucial pre-Christmas trade.
Lockdown rules vary, but typically limit venues to takeaway sales only. Even when the national lockdown lifts, tiers with sustained limits on household mixing and group size are expected to keep pressure on businesses.
Another third have "moderate" confidence while one-fifth have high confidence. The remainder are unsure.
Across all industries, 14pc think there is little chance they will stay afloat.
Households are also affected by the guidance, reducing their activity.
Only half of adults are now travelling to work, with the proportion who commuted at least once last week falling to 51pc from 58pc the previous week.
Home-working is back up to almost one-in-three. The share of those working exclusively from home increased from 27pc to 31pc.
It is another blow to city centres where businesses rely on office workers commuting in and spending money at lunchtime and in the evenings.
The share of adults who neither worked from home nor travelled to work rose to 18pc.
Households cut their number of shopping trips, and the variety of goods they bought as most "non-essential" retail in England was forced to close.
Just 10pc went shopping for anything other than food or medicine, a steep drop from 20pc the week before.
Overall footfall to retail destinations - high streets, retail parks and shopping centres - plunged from about 70pc of 2019 levels to 40pc, according to ONS data gathered by Springboard.
However the end of Wales’ lockdown meant more trips out. Footfall rebounded from around one-third of usual levels back up to almost three-quarters as restrictions eased.